I need  a 250 word message about those 2 questions down below. This is a team project, so my part will be the 2 question given. I will attach the other part of the paper so you can have a guide. Please needs to be original. APA format, I need references. The rural area chosen is Montana. Thank you. 

1. What professional boundaries might you encounter practicing in this area and how will you ensure to not cross those boundaries?

2. Identify solutions to any obstacles that might discourage an NP from practicing in this rural area.

1

Practicing in Rural Communities

University of Phoenix

Health Policy and Role of the Advanced Practice Nurse

Practicing in Rural Communities

Rural healthcare is a common practice in certain regions of the country and remains a troubling area for the healthcare community to address effectively. A community is considered rural if there is a population of less that 2,500 people and 7-499 people per square mile (Stingley & Schultz, 2014). A community is considered frontier if there are less than seven people per square mile, which is the case in most of Montana (Stingley & Schultz, 2014). In the United States in 2010, the average number of primary care providers (PCPs) per 100,000 people was 121; however, Montana only had 90, and eleven counties did not have even one PCP (Stingley & Schultz, 2014). With the number of residents in rural and frontier communities expected to grow by up to 30% by 2020, it is essential to find a way to improve access to care for these patients. Comment by Weisheit, Jaime: I just did a brief intro with some of the statistics I found since I had the first few sections. Feel free to suggest/edit if you don’t like or have better ideas!

The following sections will examine rural and frontier healthcare practice in the state of Montana. The sections will go into more depth regarding practice guidelines, challenges and benefits of rural practice, common complaints from patients, professional boundaries, and information regarding practice authority.

Practice Guidelines

Montana is considered a full authority practice state (Scope of Practice Policy, 2018). This means that an advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) can practice independently without supervision or collaboration with a physician. APRNs can assess, diagnose, treat, and manage care of acute and chronically ill patients. APRNs in Montana also have full independent prescriptive authority (Scope of Practice Policy, 2018). They can prescribe devices, medications, and scheduled III-V controlled substances. The can also prescribe scheduled II controlled substances via telephone to a pharmacist. In Montana, APRNs can also be recognized as primary care providers (PCPs).

Challenges of Care in Rural Areas

It is anticipated that roughly 30% of the rural physician workforce is set to retire and there are not enough young physicians to take their places (National Conference of State Legislatures [NCSL], 2018). With only 10% of practicing physicians working in rural communities, most of Montana is considered a health professional shortage area making providing care for these residents challenging (University of Texas Arlington [UTA], 2018).

Prior to the implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), most rural residents were uninsured or underinsured causing delays in preventative and acute care (UTA, 2018). Due to delays in care and inadequate resources, Montana residents have different and sometimes more complex healthcare issues such as cancer, teen pregnancy, and preventable hospitalizations (UTA, 2018). Since there is also a higher level of poverty in rural and frontier Montana, transportation can be another issue. Most healthcare facilities can be several tens of miles away or even in the next city with little to no public transit available (UTA, 2018). These concerns, along with common patient complaints, create a challenging, complex environment for APRNs to provide care within.

Two Chief Complaints and Strategies to Educate Patients

Benefits of Practicing in Rural Areas and Recruitment Strategies

Benefits of practicing in rural healthcare include saving on student loans, better quality of life, better provider-patient relationships, and expanded learning experiences and opportunities due to rural communities need for a wider variety of services. Many rural states provide special financial benefits such as loan forgiveness or relocation benefits to encourage health care providers to practice in their rural communities. Another benefit of working in rural healthcare is no shortage of job openings. The demand for advanced practice nurses in Montana, especially in rural areas, remains high due to Montana’s aging population, increasing people with co-morbid disease, a growing population, physician shortages, the implementation of health care reforms, and changing delivery systems. Due to the majority of Montana’s health care providers working in urban medical centers, there are many job openings vacant in rural health care facilities.

Montana developed an initiative in 2017 to engage Montanans in understanding health care efforts, develop a “grow your own” program to train Montana citizens as healthcare professionals, encourage further education and training in rural and underserved areas, and developed specific techniques to recruit and retain health care professionals across the state (Montana Healthcare Workforce Advisory Committee, 2017).

APRN Professional Boundaries

Practice Authority and Obstacles to APRN Practice

Conclusion

The Institute of Medicine (IOM), found that access to primary care increases, hospitalizations are reduced, and the cost of care decreases by 20-35% when APRN’s provide care (NCSL, 2018). Rural states, such as Montana, are needing to find creative ways to provide primary health care access to patients especially in the rural and frontier areas where there is little or no access to health care services.

References

Montana Healthcare Workforce Advisory Committee. (2017). Montana healthcare workforce statewide strategic plan. Retrieved from http://healthinfo.montana.edu/Strategic%20Plan%202017.pdf

National Conference of State Legislatures. (2018). Meeting the primary care needs of rural

America: Examining the role of non-physician providers. Retrieved from

http://www.ncsl.org

Scope of Practice Policy. (2018). Montana scope of practice policy: State profile. Retrieved

from http://scopeofpracticepolicy.org

Stingley, S. & Schultz, H. (2014). Helmsley trust support for telehealth improves access to care Comment by Weisheit, Jaime: Hayley! I used this article that you posted on the discussion board so don’t worry about adding it to the reference list.

in rural and frontier areas. Health Affairs, 33, 336-341.

https://doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2013.1278

University of Texas Arlington. (2018). How to overcome obstacles as an NP in rural areas.

Retrieved from https://academicpartnerships.uta.edu

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