Public Health Nursing:  Pioneers in Healthcare Reform

Read chapter 35 of the class textbook and review the attached PowerPoint presentation.  Once done present a 900 words essay discussing the influence and contributions of the public health nursing the healthcare reform.  

As stated in the syllabus the assignment must be presented in an APA format word document, Arial 12 font attached to the forum on the discussion board.  A minimum of 3 evidenced-based references must be used (excluding the class textbook).  A minimum of 2 replies to any of your peers sustained with the appropriate references must be posted.  Only the assignment must be attached in a word document in the forum, replies do not.  References must be no older than 5 years.  A minimum of 900 words is required

Chapter 35 Public Health Nursing: Pioneers of Healthcare Reform

History of Public Health Nursing

Early healthcare reform

Mary D. Osborne

Commonwealth Fund

Hospital and Reconstruction Act of 1946

Social Security Act of 1935

The later years

Social and political unrest

Budget cuts

Public Health Nursing Philosophy

Community strengths, needs, and expectations

Scientific knowledge

Available resources

Accepted criteria and standards of nursing practice

Agency purpose, philosophy, and objectives

Participation, cooperation, and understanding of the population

Institute of Medicine Study

Government’s role in ensuring the public’s health

Assessment

Policy development

Assurance

Conceptual Basis for Public Health Nursing Practice

Conceptual model

Milbank Report

Construct for Public Health Nursing: A Framework for the Future

Education

Engineering

Enforcement

Essential Public Health Services

Monitor the health status of populations.

Diagnose and investigate community health problems and health hazards.

Inform, educate, and empower the people about health issues.

Mobilize community partnerships to identify and solve health problems.

Develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts.

Essential Public Health Services (cont.)

Enforce laws and regulations that protect health and ensure safety.

Link people to needed personal health services.

Ensure people receive needed personal health services.

Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility, and quality of personal and population-based health services.

Research for new insights and innovative solutions to health problems.

Challenges and Issues for Public Health Nursing in the 21st Century

Impact of the nursing shortage on public health nursing

Further development of public health nursing models and competencies

National public health performances standards

Other challenges for public health nursing

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