Assignment -01
Health policy stakeholders
Executive summary In this report, the six different topics on the health policy stakeholders will be discussed. The topics include the mental health policy stakeholders, aboriginal health policy stakeholders, hospital policy stakeholders, nursing education policy stakeholder, pediatric health policy stakeholder and women and child policy stakeholder. An introduction on all these topics has been provided along with its importance and influence on the various policies. 
Topic 1: Mental health policy stakeholders Holden, C.A. and Lin, V., 2012. Network structures and their relevance to the policy cycle: A case study of The National Male Health Policy of Australia.Social Science & Medicine,74(2), pp.228-235.
The main theme of this paper is the understanding of a network formation obtained from the network analysis method that is broadly described in the paper providing the stake holders and policy makers the means to analyse the other stakeholders position in context to consideration of the policy process.
Competing interests in relation to health care is a conflict of value, which has a direct effect on the care the physicians provide and even evaluates the factor that whether the competing interests has any negative impact on the divergent interests. There is an involvement of the government in the policy making process and the health care organisations are often asked to have some policies that will guard the negative impacts of the competing interests.
The approach used in this paper is important for understanding the influence of stakeholders in public health policy because this paper focuses on the performers of a policy, which is helpful in providing the insight about how to feature a policy. To provide a broader view of the stakeholders in the mental health policy this paper provides a case study on the competing interest. This study provides with a network analysis style as an instrument, which will help the policy makers to identify the stakeholders and their considerations regarding the policy process. this study focuses on the structural functional framework and this helps in evaluating on role of the network analysis in providing of alternative methods to the stakeholders for participating in the policy cycle process. This paper highlights the point about how the network based on the relationship of the policy makers and stakeholders’ impacts on the policy process and hence has relevance to the topic and can be used as assistance to the topic.
Topic 2: Aboriginal health policy stakeholder Flicker, S. and Worthington, C.A., 2012. Public health research involving aboriginal peoples: research ethics board stakeholders’ reflections on ethics principles and research processes.Canadian Journal of Public Health/Revue Canadienne de Sante’e Publique, pp.19-22.
The main theme of this study is to identify the role of the stakeholders about the health policy of the aboriginals. This study highlights the fact of having a presence of considerable discussions about the principles that are best for researching the health process of the aboriginals in context to the stakeholders’ perspective.
This study deals with the term community health or the health issues of any community. The study of community health focuses on mainly kinds of groups and deals with aspects of health of that certain group. Community health mainly focuses on health issues of the whole group rather than pointing on any individual. This is why this study relates to the topic and this study deals with the system in which the health characteristics of a given community can be sorted and mentions that health of any group or community is dependent on the social and demographic position of that particular group. Health dimension encompasses the complete physical and mental situation of an individual. The stakeholders are not always involved in the health policy of the stakeholders and they do not particularly have the decision making right if not they are given the objective of the meaningful engagement that allows them to be a part of the decision making process.
This study is relevant to the topic because it highlights that the stakeholders do not have the right to get involved in the health and health policy matters of the aboriginals. They are not always allowed to take part in every decision making process and as the topic of the study is the aboriginal health policy stakeholders, the overall topic is discussed in the chosen paper providing a clear view. Thus, this paper can be accessed as an assistance to the topic to define the stakeholders position in aboriginal health policy.
Topic 3: Hospital policy stakeholders Gagnon, M.P., Desmartis, M., Poder, T. and Witteman, W., 2014. Effects and repercussions of local/hospital-based health technology assessment (HTA): a systematic review.Systematic reviews,3(1), p.129.
This chosen article is about the health technology assessment of hospitals and this paper highlights the perceptions of the stakeholders in the process of HTA in the hospitals. There is also mentioning of the implementation of the stakeholders recommendations for improving outcomes.
This research paper has an analysis of a conducted research to find the answer to the relevant questions and to find the answer to the perceptions of the stakeholders in the hospital policy. The method chosen by this paper was PRISMA and it was conducted in two methods; firstly the screening and selection method and the extraction of the data. The study was conducted using around 700 articles and the research was done in the hospitals of a country.
As the study was only about the effects of HTA and finding the perceptions of the stakeholders along with implementation of the recommendations, this study had limited access to research. The overall research provides an understanding of the impact of decision with introducing modern technologies in the hospitals. The study does not broadly emphasize on the stakeholder term in the whole paper but it is well known that the stakeholders of a hospital are the providers, payers, patients and the employers. Hence, through this paper one can critically evaluate the stakeholders’ perception about the hospital policy.
This article discusses the perception of stakeholders in the hospital policy; though not by mentioning the term stakeholders in every term still this article is relevant to the topic and can be used to discuss the topic in a broader way. This article focuses on the given topic, though it discusses the context of the topic in a different way it still highlights the importance of the decision-making by the stakeholders of a hospital and can be used as a help to describe the topic clearly.
Topic 4: Nursing educational policy stakeholders Tobiano, G., Marshall, A., Bucknall, T. and Chaboyer, W., 2015. Patient participation in nursing care on medical wards: an integrative review.International journal of nursing studies,52(6), pp.1107-1120. This article is about the participation of the patients in the way of their own nursing care. This study highlights the role of the patients in the nursing process. The objective of the study is to provide the perceptions of the patients towards the patient involvement in nursing process. This research paper has implied some methods to integrate the reviews of the patients as well as the nurses in the nursing process or policy. The methods with the help of which the study was conducted are data sources and the review methods, which provided a clear idea about the topic of the paper. The limitations of the paper are that the paper had some discrepancies. The results of the conducted research helped the research with some themes, which were the enacted participation, challenges in the participation process and the promotion of participation and lastly the participation types. There is a large number of enacted participation of the patients in the medical wards. The known challenges are willingness of the patients and the approach of the nurses. Sharing of the information can be a way of promoting the participation. The question may arise how the above discussion is relevant to the topic. The above discussion is about the participation of the patients in nursing policy. This is the answer of the question. Broadly describing, this paper discusses about one of the stakeholders’ participation in the health care system and that is the patient. The patients are a type of stakeholders in any health care system. Hence, this paper is relevant to the topic and has the information, which can be used for defining the topic. The topic is about the nursing policy stakeholders and the paper is about the patient participation in the nursing policy, therefore, this paper can actually be a guide to discuss the topic. Topic 5: Paediatric health policy stakeholder Young, I., Gropp, K., Pintar, K., Waddell, L., Marshall, B., Thomas, K., McEwen, S.A. and Rajic, A., 2014. Experiences and Attitudes Towards Evidence-Informed Policy-Making Among Research and Policy Stakeholders in the Canadian Agri-Food Public Health Sector.Zoonoses and public health,61(8), pp.581-589.
This paper discusses the principle for developing the policy making process more evidence informed for the paediatric or food sector. This paper focuses on the interface of the food sector and policy making with highlighting its impact.
This paper covers a research of food and public health policy makers of Canada, to understand the perspectives of the policy makers. This paper focused on few groups on which the study was conducted and the participants were from paediatric and food departments. The participants introduced the research to all the principles required in this sector. The first one was clarifying the objectives of the policy. Second was the supporting the policy making with evidence third was evidence of the stakeholders interest in the policy inputs. Fourth, the ensuring of the evidence is delivered to the stakeholders in an informative way. Fifth was creating interdisciplinary perspective among the communities and the stakeholders. Sixth aspect was enhancing of individual skills for the policy makers. The results found after consideration of above facts are that the planned effort can lead to proper policy making along with evidence. Understanding of the policy realms can be effective in the policy making of the food industry. The limitation of this study is that it is conducted on few groups and hence there is a problem of implementing the results on wider perspective.
This paper is relevant to the topic as this paper highlights the integration of evidence based policy makers with the stakeholders interest and even the importance of the information sharing about the policy making of food industry to the stakeholders. Thus this paper can be used to discuss the topic broadly. This paper provides the proper importance of the policy makers in the paediatric policymaking system. Thus, this paper can be used as an assistance to look up to the topic of paediatric policy making.
Topic 6: Women and Child health policy stakeholder Nyondo, A.L., Chimwaza, A.F. and Muula, A.S., 2014. Stakeholders’ perceptions on factors influencing male involvement in prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV services in Blantyre, Malawi.BMC Public Health,14(1), p.691.
This paper is mainly about the factors that plays an influential role in determining the involvement of a man in preventing the transmission of HIV from mother to child. This paper is based on the stakeholders’ perspective on the given topic.
The paper discusses the prevention of HIV transmission as a topic from the stakeholders end and adapts many strategies and methods that are required to prevent and evaluate the overall transmission factor. This study highlights the role of the men in the prevention of HIV transmission as society is mainly patriarchal as mentioned by the stakeholders. There are many methods used in the study for conducting a research on the topic. The stakeholders perspective is clearly provided in the overall study and the limitations are that this study is about the role of male to prevent HIV transmission from mother to child but this study does not mention any other point about the other measures.
Though this paper is based on the stakeholders perspective in role of men in prevention of HIV transmission from mother to child this study highlights the certain factors of the topic. This paper highlights the women and child health factor along with highlighting the role of the stakeholders in the women and child health care policy. This paper discusses the stakeholders’ perspective in defining the importance of the male role in the prevention of the transmission of HIV from mother to child and the topic is also based on women and child care. Hence, both the paper and the topic is relevant to each other though not fully but to a great extent and hence this can be used in defining the topic broadly and giving a clear view of the topic of women and child health care and its importance from stakeholders perspective.

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