BEHAVORIAL AND CULTURAL ISSUES…… ASSIGNMENT DUE THURSDAY

Application: Factors Contributing to Health Disparities and Ways to Address Them.

The Healthy People 2020 objectives and the Millennium Goals are two ambitious approaches to addressing the disparities found in vulnerable populations. In this Application Assignment, you will determine factors that contribute to health disparities, how culture impacts treatment in healthcare, and how the goals and objectives plan to reduce or eliminate health disparities.To prepare for this Application Assignment, review the following (with your Healthy People assigned focus area in mind):

  • The definition of culture and articles relating to how culture impacts treatment in healthcare are posted in the Doc Sharing area under Week 3 helpful articles
  • Pages 24–41 of your textbook about the objectives that relate to health care in general and, more specifically, health disparities.
  • The Millennium Development Goals Report 2009 http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/pdf/MDG_Report_2009_ENG.pdf
  • Healthy People 2020: What Are Its Goals? http://healthypeople.gov/2020/
  • Focus your attention on “Overarching Goal #2: Achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and improve the health of all groups.”

To complete this Application Assignment, write a 3- to 4-page paper that addresses the following questions.

  • What socio-ecological factors contribute to the existence of health disparities? (Examples include socioeconomics and education).
  • How might one’s culture serve as a barrier to equal treatment when it comes to healthcare? Give an example. (*Note: Please remember that culture is not skin color).
  • Give an example or examples of how populations experience unequal treatment and disparity in healthcare. Provide some statistics to help illustrate this point from the CDC, the textbook, your Resources this week, or another reliable source.
  • How do the health-related Millennium Development Goals address such health disparities?
  • Discuss 2 to 3 Healthy People 2020 objectives that provide a framework for addressing health disparities, based on your Healthy People assigned focus area.

Support your answers with statistical information about your Healthy People assigned focus area. The following are a few websites that provide a wealth of data regarding specific populations and Healthy People assigned focus area:

  • State Health Facts, Kaiser Family Foundation www.statehealthfacts.org
  • Statistical Information System, World Health Organization http://www.who.int/whosis/en/
  • Interactive Map: Maps: The Global Picture http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/aids/atlas/us.html

Be sure to support your work with specific citations from this week’s Learning Resources and additional scholarly sources as appropriate. Refer to the Essential Guide to APA Style for Walden Students to ensure that your in-text citations and reference list are correct. Also, since this is your only application, you may want to submit this to a Walden Writing Center tutor first as well as run it through Turnitin.com prior to submission. Other helpful resources include:

  • Citations: http://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/apa/citations/intextparenthetical
  • Reference List: http://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/apa/references
  • “Gold Star” Application ExampleJody Early. GOLDSTAR APPLICATION EXAMPLE. Used by permission of Jody Early.
  • Organizing Your Week 3 Application Paper. Used by permission of Shelley Armstrong.

RESOURCES>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

  • Course Text: Social and Behavioral Foundations of Public Health
    • Chapter 3, “Social Epidemiology”This chapter will expand your knowledge to include the field of social epidemiology, focusing on the unequal distribution of disease patterns across social groups.
    • Chapter 9, “Health Disparities, Diversity, and Cultural Competence”The authors provide a critical perspective on the impact of diversity and cultural competence on solving the problem of health care disparities.
  • Article: Sen, K., & Bonita, R. (2000). Global health status: Two steps forward, one step back. Lancet, 356(9229), 577–582. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • This article makes the point that although there has been impressive improvement in the health status of individuals around the globe, there is an urgent need for better methods of accurately assessing health status.
  • Report: Institute of Medicine. (2002). Unequal treatment: What healthcare providers need to know about racial and ethnic disparities in health-care: Shaping the future for health. Retrieved from http://www.iom.edu/~/media/Files/Report%20Files/2003/Unequal-Treatment-Confronting-Racial-and-Ethnic-Disparities-in-Health-Care/Disparitieshcproviders8pgFINAL.pdfThis report discusses the role of bias, prejudice, and stereotyping in the unequal treatment of patients. It also summarizes additional findings that can help health care professionals provide equitable, high-quality care for all patients.
  • Report: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Commission to Build a Healthier America. (2008). Health currents: America’s health starts with healthy children: How do states compare?Copyright 2008 Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Commission to Build a Healthier America.This report examines the health of our nation’s children from various socioeconomic perspectives. The scholars describe their state of health now in contrast to how it could be in the future.
  • Report: United Nations. (2009). The Millennium Development Goals report 2009. Retrieved from http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/pdf/MDG_Report_2009_ENG.pdfRead pages 24–41 about the goals that relate to health care in general and, more specifically, health disparities.
  • Report: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, U.S. Public Health Service. (n.d.). Executive summary: Mental health: Culture, race, and ethnicity. Retrieved March 12, 2010, from http://www.ct.gov/dmhas/lib/dmhas/publications/mhethnicity.pdf
  • Read “Summary” and “Chapter Summaries & Conclusions.”This report documents scientific advances that deepen our understanding of mental illness and have found a range of effective treatments for most mental disorders. The authors propose that cultural and social influences are not the only determinants of mental illness and patterns for treatment, but they do play important roles.

Optional Resources

Readings

  • Article: Chan, M. (2007). Health and the MDGs: The challenges ahead. UN Chronicle, 44(4), 54–57.
  • Article: Prinja, S., & Kumar, R. (2009). Reducing health inequities in a generation: A dream or reality? Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 87(2), 84.
  • Article: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (2008). National healthcare disparitiesreport, 2007. Retrieved from http://archive.ahrq.gov/qual/qrdr07.htm
  • Book: Board on Health Sciences Policy, Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. (2003). Unequal treatment: Confronting racial and ethnic disparities in health care. Retrieved from http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?isbn=030908265X
  • Interactive Map: Public Broadcasting Service. (Executive Producer). (2006). Map: AIDS in the U.S. Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/aids/atlas/us.html

Websites

  • The Office of Minority Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Serviceshttp://minorityhealth.hhs.gov/
  • _____________________________________________________________________________

IN THE NEWS IS COMING UP I’M POSTING SO YOU CAN GET SOME IDEAS… MY PROFESSOR CHOOSE DISABILITY AND SECONDARY CONDITIONS FOR ME….. ITS DUE THURSDAY OF WEEK 5….

In the News!Reminder: Post a summary of the article you chose anytime between Week 1 and by Day 4 of Week 5.

  • To prepare for the assignment, keep your eyes open for an article in an online news publication that relates to your assigned focus area.
  • To complete this assignment, post a summary of the article any time by Day 4 of Week 5. Also, post a comprehensive response of 600–750 words.

Respond to at least one colleague by Day 6 of Week 5 located in the Week 5 In the News area.

For a complete overview of this assignment, please proceed to the Week 5 In the News area.

___________________________________________________________________________

Welcome to In the News!

The In the News assignment has been designed to give you the opportunity to review current news articles about one of the Healthy People assigned focus areas addressed by the Healthy People 2020 program’s Vision, Mission, & Overarching Goals: http://healthypeople.gov/2020/.In the first few days of Week 1, your Instructor will assign one of the following Healthy People assigned focus area to you based on last name. For example, the Healthy People assigned focus area, “Access to Health Services” would be assigned to “Aaronson, Robert.”

  • Access to Health Services
  • Arthritis, Osteoporosis, and Chronic Back Conditions
  • Cancer
  • Chronic Kidney Disease
  • Diabetes
  • Disability and Secondary Conditions
  • Environmental Health
  • Heart Disease and Stroke
  • HIV
  • Immunization and Infectious Diseases
  • Injury and Violence Prevention
  • Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
  • Mental Health and Mental Disorders
  • Nutritionand Weight Studies
  • Oral Health
  • Respiratory Diseases
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • Substance Abuse
  • Vision

To prepare for this assignment, keep your eyes open for an article in an online news publication that relates to your Healthy People assigned focus area. The news article should be intended for the general public. Examples of such sources follow:· Magazines and newspapers (e.g., The New York Times)· Health news websites (e.g., National Public Radio’s (NPR’s) “Health” section)· News updates from government sites, such as “In the News” at the National Institutes of Health site (http://www.nih.gov/, upper right-hand corner of homepage) or “Science News” at the National Institute of Mental Health (http://www.nimh.nih.gov/science-news/index.shtml)When you find an article:

  • Consider how it relates to your Healthy People assigned focus area
  • Review the current statistics stated in the article

In 1 to 2 paragraphs or ½ page, post a summary of the article, discussing the reason you choose this article for your assignment. Then, include a comprehensive response of 600–750 words to the following questions:

  • Does the article address a biomedical perspective, a prevention perspective, or both? Please explain. If you feel it only addresses one perspective, in what ways can the second perspective be addressed (i.e. through an education or prevention program, clinical trials, etc).
  • What levels (or level) of the social ecology of health model are addressed in the topic? See p. 15, Figure 1.1 of your text. How do these levels apply populations affected with your Healthy People 2020 assigned focus area?

NOTE: Post BOTH the article summary AND the comprehensive response together by Day 4 of week 5.Be sure to provide a hyperlink to the article that informed your response (if applicable) and cite and reference it appropriately in your response. If you need help with APA format for citing and referencing electronic sources and articles, please visit the Writing Center (http://writingcenter.waldenu.edu) under the “APA” tab for examples.

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