ESSAY: Public Health

What are social, behavioral, and cultural determinants? How do social, behavioral, and cultural determinants impact public health? Present specific examples within your answer as well as justifying your rationale with evidence. Respond to three other class members’ posts specifically peer-reviewing their answers.

Very wealthy or influential public figures (such as Bill Clinton and Bill Gates) have become major funders in the global health arena, providing millions to developing countries and/or international organizations. How do you think this will influence the future of public health? What benefits and challenges may develop?

ANSWER

Public Health

There are numerous factors that influence public health and these are known as “determinants of health”. According to World Health Organization (2019), the question of whether a person is healthy or not is a factor determined by his or her circumstance and environments. Factors like where an individual live, state of the environments, genes, educational attainment, socio-economic status and personal relationships have considerable implications on public health (WHO, 2019). One of the major determinants of healthy is biology and genes. Most people assume that their health is a product of their genetic makeup. However, there are also determinants …

            According to the report by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP) (2019), health starts in communities, homes, and different social institutions. Health is also determined by people’s ability to access to social/economic amenities. These include the resources and supports available in an individual’s community, home, school, and workplace. In relation to this, the social determinants include the resources availability to meet the day to day needs (for instance, food markets and safe housing), equity in the access to economic, educational, and occupational opportunities, access to quality healthcare services, education quality…

            Lastly, cultural determinants also have a huge impact on public health. In general, culture refers to patterns of behaviors, customs, and ideas shared by a particular group of people or society. Culture directly and indirectly affects people’s perception and attitude towards health. What makes cultural determinants complex is the fact that it is evolving over time. Park & Jacobs (2018) noted that cultural determinants such as language can create barriers to health. Language is one of the major indicators of culture, in the United States, English is the primary language and people who cannot fluently speak in this language have a hard time receiving quality health care since they cannot effectively communicate their health issues with the providers (Park & Jacobs, 2018). At the same time, cultural practices a…

            Public health is a very important construct in society the reason why influential people such as Bill Clinton and Bill Gates have chosen to support public health promotion initiatives. Gates not only support local public health but also international initiatives. Through his foundation, Gates is changing how the international community addresses global health concerns through “The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation” (Youder, 2010). Gate use his wealth to help different nations address their health concerns. This kind o…

                        This kind of support from influential people will help bring global health concerns to the spotlight. This means that more people will be aware of the health problems around the world. Gate can use his…

References

The Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). (2019).  Social Determinants of Health. Healthypeople.gov. Retrieved from

https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/social-determinants-of-health

Park, L., & Jacobs, E. (2018). Cultural determinants of health and healthy aging for older adults with limited-English proficiency. Innovation in Aging, 2(1), 195.

World Health Organization (WHO). (2019). Health Impact Assessment (HIA). Retrieved

From https://www.who.int/hia/evidence/doh/en/

Youde, J. (2010). The Clinton and Gates Foundation: Global health superpowers. World

Politics Review. Retrieved from: https://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/7329/the-clinton-and-gates-foundations-global-health-superpowers

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